Reading: / Matching Features / Part 1

Why do leaves change their colour in fall?

1. Leaves are nature’s food factories. Plants take water from the ground through their root. They take a gas called carbon dioxide from the air. Plants use sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose. Oxygen is          a gas in the air that we need to breathe. Glucose is a kind of sugar. Plants use glucose as food for energy and as building block for growing. The way plants turn water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and sugar is called photosynthesis. That means “putting together with light.” A chemical called chlorophyll helps       make photosynthesis happen. Chlorophyll is what gives plants their green             color. As summer ends and autumn comes, the days get shorter and shorter. This is         how the trees “known” to begin getting ready for winter.

2. During winter there is not enough light or water photosynthesis. The trees will rest, and live off the food they stored during the summer. They begin to shut down their food making factories. The green chlorophyll disappears from leaves. So the bright green fades away, we begin to see yellow and orange colors. Small amounts of these colors have been in the leaves all along; we    just can’t see them in the summer, because they are covered up by the green Chlorophyll.

3. Bright reds and purples are we see in leaves are made mostly in the fall. In some trees, like maples, glucose is trapped in the leaves after photosynthesis stops. Sunlight and the cool nights of autumn cause the leaves turn this             glucose into a red color. The brown color of trees like oaks is made from     wastage left in the leaves.

4. It is the combination of all these things that make the beautiful fall foliage colors we enjoy each year.

Questions 1-4

Match the phrases below.

35. Leaves are                                                                         a.  Glucose is turned red.

36. Green chlorophyll disappears from leaves                        b. Called photosynthesis.          

37. In the season of autumn                                                    c. By sunlight and cool nights.

38. Brown colour is generated                                                d. Building blocks for growing

                                                                                                e. Natural food processors

                                                                                                f. Are combination of all colours       

                                                                                                g. During autumn season.

                                                                                                h. In the cold season

                                                                                                i. from the residues of leaves