IELTS Writing is about composing 2 assignments within 60 minutes. First assignment has to be composed in 150 words, and candidate must not exceed 20 minutes for the composition. The second assignment is about composing an article of 250 words on a given subject. The optimum time to burn for this assignment is 40 minutes. This assignment has more weight-age than the previous one. In general, the IELTS Writing has different structure for the candidates of Academic & General Training (GT).
To ease the learners in understanding the format of a 9 band writing, a clear description including all the four parameters of writing is provided either it is Task 1 or Task 2. Here, two solved samples of each type are available from where learners can get the ideas to implement in the unsolved task questions which are given on either sides. It's time to enhance your base of writing by learning the high range vocabulary and the sentence variations.
The line graph compares how much these four countries spent on the research of renewable energy during the period from 1975 to 2000.
In 1975, there were no countries budgeting for this research, while the spending from Switzerland, Denmark, Spain and the UK reached 2.6, 1.8, 1 and 0.5 dollars per person respectively in the year 1980.
In the following year, the figure for Switzerland nearly doubled, rising from 2.6 to over 5 dollars per person. The investment from Denmark almost leveled off from 1980 to 1995, after which it rose remarkably and arrived at 3 dollars per person in the year 2000.
When it comes to Spain, the spending dipped to 0.5 dollars in 1990, although it climbed again and ended up at 0.8 dollars per person in 2000. The investment form the UK peaked at 0.9 dollars per person in 1985, while it was the country which spent the least researching the renewable energy.
Overall, Switzerland was the country that allocated the most funds to the research of renewable energy, while the allocation from the UK was the lowest.
The three graphs of wheat exports each show a quite different pattern between 1985 and 1990.
Exports from Australia declined over the five-year period, while the Canadian market fluctuated considerably, and the European Community showed an increase.
In 1985, Australia exported about 15 millions of tones of wheat and the following year the number increased by one million tones to 16 million. After that, however, there was a gradual decline until 1989 and 1990 when it stabilized at about 11 million tones. Over the same period, the amount of Canadian exports varied greatly.
It started at 19 million tons in 1985, reached a peak in 1988 of 24 million, dropped dramatically in 1989 to 14 million tones and then climbed back to 19 million in 1990. Seventeen million tones were exported from the European Community in 1985, but this decreased to 14 million tones in 1986 and then rose to 15 million in 1987 and 1988 before increasing once more to 20 million in 1990.
The bar chart provides information about the unemployment rates of young adults aged 15-24 and that of the total workforce in five European countries in the year 2005.
Looking at the proportion of jobless young adults, the lowest figure was recorded in Denmark (just over 5%). Germany and Hungary had approximately three times higher youth unemployment rates compared to Denmark. The highest unemployment rates were observed in Italy and Poland, about 23% and 37% respectively.
As regards the overall unemployment rates, Poland witnessed the highest figure in this category as well. Fifteen percent of the Polish workforce was jobless while 5% fewer people were idle in Germany. Italy and Hungary came next with similar levels of overall unemployment, nearly 6-7%. In comparison, Denmark had only around 3% unemployed people.
In general, what stands out from the chart is that the youth unemployment rates were significantly higher than the overall figures in all the listed countries. Poland ranked the first in both the categories while Denmark came last. Italy and Germany were in the halfway marks with Hungary representing the overall mean.
The graph shows the number of telephones owned per thousand of the population in different countries over a five-year period.
Overall, the number of phone owners per thousand of the population varied considerably. However, numbers tended to fall in countries with the highest level of phone ownership, whereas numbers generally rose in countries which had fewer phone owners in 2000.
By far the highest level of phone ownership was in Singapore, where just under 430 people per thousand were owners in 2004. This figure is slightly lower than the 2000 figure of around 460 per thousand. In Brunei Darussalam the second highest levels of phone ownership were recorded, and the numbers fluctuated around the 250 per thousand level across the five years.
Countries like Cambodia and Vietnam had much lower levels of phone ownership and these increased up to 2004, rather than decreasing. In the remaining countries, the number of landline phone owners remained below the 100 per thousand level between 2000 and 2004.
The bar chart describes the number of houses built in two neighboring cities, Derby and Nottingham, between 2000 and 2009.
Overall, the number of houses that were erected in Derby exceeded upwards the quantity constructed in Nottingham.
The trend for the former was decidedly upwards, with Derby experiencing a steady rise from 40 new houses in the first year, to just under 120 during the 2003. Over the next 4 years of decade, new houses construction in Derby remained constant at just under 120. This is in sharp contrast to the last two years when the number of houses that went up in Derby leapt, first to 280 and then to 350 houses.
Houses building in Nottingham, by comparison, were much more erratic. In the first two years of the decade, more houses were erected in Nottingham than in Derby. In 2002, however, construction declined to only 20. Over the next three years, houses numbers rose steadily, only to drop practically to zero in 2006. There was then a dramatic surge in 2007 with over 200 houses being built. While in 2008 saw house building in Nottingham plummeting to only 10, in 2009 the number of new houses rocketed to 270, a rise of more than 2600 % on the previous year.
The bar chart shows the percentage of men in senior development position in three companies from 1980 to 2010.
While more men were in senior positions at Apple than other two companies in 1980 at 15%, the trend was fairly erratic with a 2% drop to 13% in 1985, followed by a rise of 1% five years later. In 1995, men held 7% more top development jobs than in 1990. After a slight drop back to 19% in 2000, by 2010 25% of top posts were filled by men. By contrast, at IBM men fared much better. In 1980, 2% of senior posts were occupied by men with no change five years on.
By 1990, the figure had increased to 13%, doubling to 26 per cent in 1995. Five years afterwards, there was a 6% increase in male senior development jobs with a near twofold jump in 2010 to stand at 63%, the highest for the three companies. The situation was less remarkable at Microsoft than the other two firms except for the year 2010. In 1980, the percentage of senior posts held by men was 8% climbing at the rate of 2% in each subsequent period until 2000, after which it leapt to 45%.
From the data, it is clear that men dominated senior posts at IBM by 2010.
According to the bar chart, students from four Asian countries (China, Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka) and one European country (France) are taking Computer Science at the collage. Some students are enrolled in the Database core option; the others are taking Networking.
Overall, the China has the largest number of enrolled students (17) and France has the smallest (5). Singapore and Sri Lanka both have 12 students; Malaysia has 11.
It is noticeable that Singapore and Sri Lanka have similar profiles. Students from all five countries are enrolled in Database, but more males are taking this option than females (21 and 9 respectively). For each nationality, the males taking Database outnumber the females, except in the case of French students with 3 females to only 1 male.
The China has the most students studying Database (9); Sri Lanka is next with 7, while Singapore has 6. Malaysia and France have 4 Database students each. As for networking option, more females than males are enrolled from every country except France. In fact, no female French students are taking Networking. Only 1 male from each country is enrolled in Networking, except for 2 males from Sri Lanka.
These three pie charts compare between the percentage of the annual expenditure in a certain school in the United Kingdom in three different years 1981, 1991, and 2001.
Firstly, tutors` salaries stood at two-fifths of the annual spending in the early 80s, increased by about 10% after one decade then slightly decreased to 45% by the beginning of the twenty-first century. Secondly, the payment of the other co-workers declined steadily from 28% in 1981 to 22% and 15% in 1991 and 2001, respectively. Furthermore, the amount of spending on furniture and equipment dropped dramatically from 15% in 1981 to almost 5% in 1991.
However, it rose to just below five times by 2001. On the other hand, the percentage of expenditure per year showed an upward trend in the three years from 2% in 1981 to approximately four times in 2001. In addition, the annual spending on school resources such as books fluctuated in the three years. Since it showed initial rose from 15% to 20% in 1991. Onwards it declined to just below one in ten.
To conclude, it can be clearly seen that teachers, salaries represented the major portion of the annual school expenditure in three years.
The two graphs depict different information related to complaints within the bank of America. The pie graph shows the sources of complaints, while the bar graph illustrates the average time taken between investigation into complaints and final action taken.
In general, by far the highest number of complaints against the bank of America originated from the public. The bar graph shows the average time period between investigation and action is around 5 months.
63% of all complaints against the bank of America are lodged by the public. Of the remaining 37% of complaints, the figures can be grouped into percentages between 11 and 8%, which are made up of government agencies, out-of-state agencies, and insurance companies. Then interestingly, media and bank employee made up and equal figure, 3% in the chart.
The bar graph shows that 2001 had the highest waiting time for complaints of medical misconduct at 6 months. Although there is a significant drop from 6 months in 2001 to 5 months in 2002, all previous and proceeding years display an average waiting period of 5 months. Despite this, over time the average waiting period is decreasing.
The given pie charts illustrate the amount of water consumption by citizens in San Diego, California and the rest of the world.|
Overall, the water usage for residential account the most percentage in San Diego Country, agriculture in this country uses the less water. In contrast, the rest of the world spends most of water usage in agriculture, also, the less use of water fall in residential category.
California had a nearly equality in water consumption for three categories which are residential, industry and agriculture. In California and San Diego, residential water consumption took up a large amount, in percificly, 60% and 39%. By contrast, only a fraction of 8% in home water usage in the rest of the world.
The opposite trend can be seen when agriculture constituted a massive 69% in water consumption in the rest of world but in San Diego and California, it only account for 17% and 28% the amount. For industry water consumption, all three countries spend all most the same amount of water usage. San Diego Country and the rest of the world have an equal amount of water usage of 23%. California uses 10% higher at 33%.
The pie charts delineate how citizens in a European city commuted to and from their offices in 1959 and 2009.
Overall, more than half of the office-goers walked in 1959 while car use in 2009 significantly increased. Besides, people travelled more distance in 2009 at a faster speed.
According to the illustration, more than half of the job holders walked to reach their office and get back home in 1959 while only a quarter of them did so in 2009. Bus commuters in this city accounted for 15% in 1959 while it was 2% less after 5 decades. The ratio of office executives (15%) who used trains in both years remained the same. One in ten office commuters drove cars in 1959 but after five decades their percentage increased significantly, 35% to be exact.
The use of different other transportations in 2009 increased than that of 50 years earlier. It is worth noticing that the speed and average distance travelled by these commuters considerably increased in 2009 when a commuter travelled 19 kilometers on an average in 42 minutes compared to their average 3.5-kilometre journey in 17 minutes in 1959.
The pie charts show changes in UK spending patterns between 1971 and 30 years later, 2001.
As an overall trend, increased amounts of money spent on cars, computers and eating out were made up for by drops in expenditure on food and books.
In detail, food and car made up the two biggest item of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised over half of household spending in the UK. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1971, but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 2001. However, the outlay on cars doubled, rising from 22% in 1971 to 43% in 2001. Other areas changed significantly.
Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to 14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 2% in 1971 to 12% in 2001. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%.
The table illustrates the results of research undertaken in Scotland with adults aged from 16-74 to assess their involvement in a variety of cultural activities over a 12-month period.
Overall, it is evident that participation in any performance and crafts were the most popular for all age groups.
The highest participation in any activities was seen in the 16-24 age group, with 35% and 30% respectively doing performance and visual arts. In contrast, other activities were much lower, particularly those computer-based, at only 10%. Turning to the older age groups, like the under 25s, the highest participation rate seen for 25-44 years olds was in performance, though this was much lower, at only 22%. A similar rate of 22% was evident for the most popular activity for the 45-74 age group, which was crafts.
Again, the popularity of computers was very low for all those who were 25 plus, as was interest in writing. Taking all age groups together, it can be seen that performance and crafts were the most popular, at over 19%, whereas cultural purchases and visual arts were slightly less popular at 16% and 15% respectively. Finally, little interest was shown in writing and computing.
Although, science and technology is progressing by leaps and bounds, the role of artists is unforgettable and they contributed to large extent in deeper understanding of emotions and spirituality
Admittedly, being a huge part of culture, art assists to shape our ideas and provide us profound knowledge of emotions. Therefore, creative people can boost mankind emotionally and change one’s feelings by music or paintings. Furthermore, to learn about culture and history, it provides a great assistance. Many states show their history through a piece of painting or the way people dance or wear, for a majority of people this is the sort of entertainment too. For example, most of Beethoven's fans listen to his music pieces because they feel relieved and motivated. Thus, art helps to controls Marses emotions but advancement cannot.
Along with this, by watching artistic pieces, people get reflection of spirituality, paintings has a cathartic effect evoking the sentiments of peace and spiritual enlightenment. In addition, culture and mythology are imbibed in such art which also articulate the spiritual beliefs of artists. Some works are inspired by character of epics like Mahabharata or Ramayana with whom people are emotionally attached. Hence, creativity aids masses to connect with their roots; technology put them far away from reality.
To conclude, the blessings of modern technology in the shape of innovations are serving well but it is a fact that due to human nature, they greatly appreciate artists and their work as these offer great values to the audience in unique ways.
In the arena of digital world, the usage of modern gadgets has prevailed an easy approach to movies and games. Such trend has offered an extended opportunity of consuming the leisure time to great extent along with studious benefits to its viewers.
It has been claimed that excessive use of electronic entertainment makes the spectators addicted to it. Most of the time, especially children engage themselves entirely in watching the content on screen that actually brings physical inactivity and make them prone to several diseases. However, it is a fruitful aspect in terms of utilization of vacant time. As it is obvious that while travelling by train or by plane there is no another way except waiting .So, entertainment like this can literally assist to kill some time on the spot. Moreover, not only digital devices aid to spend time but also these suggest a good way of education. Currently, there are numerous training games and films which persons can find online .For instance; it was reported in the New York Times few years ago that almost half information on the internet is about training or teaching something. Thus, people are really capable to study by using their tablets, computers, smart phones.
Besides this, an individual enjoys the recreational part of it by escaping from the real life tensions and worries of life after diverting their mind from negativity. Finally, the great time spending under gadget usage renders convenient travelling, learning advantage and develops positive attitude.
To conclude, albeit motion pictures and games waste precious time and invites numerous health hazards , its significant role in spending good time ,gaining knowledge and pleasurable activities would indeed flourish an individual's mental, educational and amusement features.
Irrefutably, the rate of in-store shopping has plunged due to the up surging opportunities for buying distinct products from online stores. Few masses believe it is advantageous with regard to personal benefits, whilst few are with mindset it is menace to personal financial information. Even I assert, e-shopping has made the life handy and opportune.
Ostensibly, the trend of online shopping is mushrooming at sky rocketing rate. First and foremost, the prime cause of its popularity is convenience that is easily evident by scrolling hundreds of online websites available on internet. By dint of its user friendlier interface, populace being busy in corporate world hardly have time to visit physically in showroom luxuriate in browsing internet for shopping. Besides this, superstores sometimes run short of product in precise moment when people, whereas online mode rarely have had such crisis. For illustration, according to an article published in renown magazine majority of people love to do online shopping due to easy availability of product, following the pattern from developed country like USA Therefore, e-shopping gives folk’s magnificent prospect of time-saving and stress-buster too.
Paradoxically, though shopping on internet looks very promising, it is not without its setback. Firstly, malicious websites often contain popup advertisement, derailing the young minds. Also, sometimes cyber-criminals set up fake shopping platforms, where they add allowing product at cheap prices asking people to pay online. As soon as payment is done, the link of the site disappears. Not only this, scammers use skimming devices, phishing techniques and other tricks to steal your steal credit card information of buyer and hard earned money. Henceforth, haring copious benefits such demerits cannot be overshadowed. In compendium albeit virtual shoppers avail great propitious paint as compared to in-shoppers converting such shopping to stress-free experience. However, sometimes client get deceived with respect to financial matters.
In my consummate accord, virtual shopping has copious advantages in regard to easeful access as well hustle free working operations provided efficacious firewall software to be installed.
Apropos to the statement, shopping preferences of a person is solely determined by their age. However, I vehemently opposed this ideology as other esteemed components like gender as well as alluring advertising are the main determinants for consumer behavior.
Indeed, gender plays a significant role in individual's marketing behavior owing to the fact that most of people like to buy the things according to their masculine or feminine nature irrespective of their ages. Female and male have different kind of interests and necessities towards goods; thereby, they prefer to buy things as their gender suitability. For example, Nail paints are only bought by women of all ages without any specific age group. Thus, gender difference plays a vital role in making shopping decisions.
Besides, gender role, commercials are the predominant factors to determine shopping habits owing to lucrative adverts by most of companies are shown on the televisions, billboards, print media and internet sources which have been impacting regularly to the viewers of all ages. Sometimes they do not want to buy anything but these advertisements create impulse among them to shop the products. It is the exemplified by Maggi which is a renowned noodle brand of Nestle Company, as per the Nelson's survey 90% people have been buying this product from promotional factor. Consequently, all age's people might purchase goods by the sale promotions.
To conclude, age does don’t have the spill-over effects on a person's shopping attitude since it is has been observed that people buy more items according to their gender and adverts shown to them.
The salaries of many singers, dancers and sports people have increased out of all proportion in recent years, while in places like Sudan people are starving to death. I do not believe that anyone should be able to earn such enormous salaries when so many people in the world are living in poverty.
One of the factors which should affect what a person can earn ought to be the benefit of person's work to society. It is unreasonable for a famous singer to be able to earn far more from an evening's entertainment than, for instance, a medical scientist who develops a new drug which produces a treatment for a common disease. The pop star certainly has a value in society, but the value in no way exceeds, or even matches, the value gained from a successful medication.
Secondly, work done should be paid according to the amount of effort and skill that goes into it. Nobody would deny that a famous person works hard and is skilful , yet such people do not work any harder than thousand of other workers who have no claim to fame. Yet market forces are such that these superstars can obtain millions of dolor while other unknown people sometimes earn less than they need to survive. Finally, it should be possible for governments to work together to ensure that the amount of money in circulation should be more equally and fairly distributed. This seems only fair given that there are so many suffering.
To conclude, it is clear that world poverty is a serious problem and yet the problem could be eased if governments and companies gave more thought to paying salaries on a more equitable basis and if they started to contribute more money to those in need.