Reading: / Short Answer Questions / Part 2

Splashing, wading, and paddling—it must mean a great day n the water. Playing at the beach, at a water park by a lake, or in a pool can be a real treat on a hot day.

Swimming is a lot of fun, but drowning is a real danger. Even kids who know how to swim can drown; let’s find out how to stay safe in the water


Why is it important to be safe in the water?

Fish are able to live and breathe in water, but people need air to breath. People drown when too must water gets into their lungs. When that happens, the lungs can’t carry enough oxygen to brain and the rest of the body.

Drowning is the second most common cause of death from injuries among kids under the age of 14. Drowning can happen so fast—sometimes in less than 2 minutes after a persons head goes under the water. That leaves very little time for someone to help. Many drawings and near—drowning occur when a kid accidentally fall into a swimming pool. But accidents can happen anywhere—at someone’s home or even at your own house, and that’s why you need to know how to be safe around water


Swimming Pools

Pools are awesome! What could be better than a dip in the pool and fun in the sun? but remember a pool’s sides and bottom are usually made of concrete, a rock-hark material, a slip or fall could be painful and dangerous. Have you seen those big numbers painted on the side of the pool? Those are called depth markers – they tell you how deep the water is at that point. You should always look before you jump into a pool. You should also dive off the diving board. Never dive off the side of the pool unless an adult says that the water id deep enough. The water may be shallower than you think. If you hit the bottom…ouch! You might get knocked our or you could hurt your neck very badly.

Test the pool’s water temperature before you plunge in. cold water can shock your body and make your blood pressure and heart rate go up. You might accidentally open you mouth to yell and accidentally breathe in some water. Cold water can also slow your muscles, making it hard to swim.

Other rules to follow:

Always have an adult watch you when you are in the pool—even in your own backyard. Never go in the pool if there is no adult around. Always call an adult or lifeguard if there is an emergency.

Gates are around pools for a reason—to keep kids away from the water when there isn’t a lifeguard or adult around to watch him. Never go through any pool gates when they are closed. Stay safe and stay out!

Always obey pool rules.

Swim with a buddy.

If you’re learning to swim, ask your mom or dad to make sure y our flotation device are coast guard approved.

Walk slowly in the pool area. Don’t run.

Swim at a depth that is safe for you. If you’re just learning to swim, stay in the shallow end.

Don’t push or jump on others. You could accidentally hurt someone or yourself.

Toys to help you float come in many shapes and sizes. Although they’re fun and can help you while you learn to swim, what they can’t do is save a life. They’re toys that can lose air or float away.

Don’t chew gum or eat while you swim---you could choke.

Questions 1-4

 Answer the below questions. Use No more than three words from the passage.

1. Which is the second most common cause of death from injuries?

2. What are the pool sides and bottom made of?

3. What are the big numbers painted on the side of the pool called?

4. What causes choking while swimming?